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Pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary Fibrosis is a lung disease that occurs when lung tissue became damage & scarred. This thickened, stiff lung tissue makes it more difficult for your lung to work properly patient having shortness of breath, dry cough, feeling tired, weight loss, nail clubbing. There is various type of fibrosis, early diagnosis, treatment will provide better out come for patient of pulmonary fibrosis.

Pulmonary fibrosis is a type of interstitial lung disease that involves scarring or fibrosis of the lung tissue. The condition is characterized by the thickening and stiffening of the lung tissue, which can lead to difficulty breathing and reduced oxygen uptake.

The scarring in pulmonary fibrosis can occur for a variety of reasons, including exposure to environmental toxins, certain medications, autoimmune disorders, or as a result of an unknown cause, called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

The symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis can develop gradually and worsen over time. Some common symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity
  • Persistent dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Chest discomfort or tightness
  • Aching muscles and joints
  • Clubbing of the fingers and toes (widening and rounding of the tips)
  • Bluish lips or skin (indicating low oxygen levels in the blood)
  • Rapid breathing
  • Respiratory failure

It is important to note that the severity and progression of symptoms can vary widely among individuals with pulmonary fibrosis, and some people may not experience symptoms until the disease is advanced.

Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including

Environmental factors: Long-term exposure to environmental factors such as silica dust, asbestos fibers, coal dust, and other toxins can lead to pulmonary fibrosis.

Medications: Certain medications can cause pulmonary fibrosis as a rare side effect. Examples include chemotherapy drugs, antibiotics such as nitrofurantoin and sulfasalazine, and cardiovascular medications such as amiodarone.

Autoimmune diseases: Autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and lupus can cause inflammation in the lungs that leads to scarring and fibrosis.

Infections: Some infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and fungal infections can lead to pulmonary fibrosis.

Genetics: Some forms of pulmonary fibrosis are caused by genetic mutations that can be inherited.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: In some cases, the cause of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown, and it is referred to as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.


Pulmonary fibrosis diagnosis


  • Medical history and physical exam
  • Imaging studies
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy